Tesla's Battery Supply Problem

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Writer/Narrator: Brian McManus
Editor: Dylan Hennessy: www.behance.net/dylanhennessy1
Animator: Mike Ridolfi (www.moboxgraphics.com/)
Sound: Graham Haerther (haerther.net/)
Thumbnail: Simon Buckmaster forgottentowel

[1] www.statista.com/statistics/502208/tesla-quarterly-vehicle-deliveries/
[2] www.statista.com/statistics/265859/vehicle-sales-worldwide/
[3] arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1210/1210.3672.pdf
[4] www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1369702114004118#fig0035
[5] courses.lumenlearning.com/geology/chapter/reading-abundance-of-elements-in-earths-crust/
[6] Page 16 publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/230991/local_230991.pdf and www.researchgate.net/post/What_is_the_content_of_pure_lithium_eg_kg_kWh_in_Li-ion_batteries_used_in_electric_vehicles
[7] pubs.usgs.gov/periodicals/mcs2020/mcs2020-lithium.pdf
[8]Page 51 pubs.usgs.gov/periodicals/mcs2020/mcs2020.pdf
[9] www.theguardian.com/global-development/2019/dec/16/apple-and-google-named-in-us-lawsuit-over-congolese-child-cobalt-mining-deaths
[10] www.tesla.com/sites/default/files/about/legal/2018-conflict-minerals-report.pdf
[11] www.benchmarkminerals.com/panasonic-reduces-teslas-cobalt-consumption-by-60-in-6-years/
[12] Page 9 www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Industries/Metals%20and%20Mining/Our%20Insights/The%20future%20of%20nickel%20A%20class%20act/The%20future%20of%20nickel%20A%20class%20act.ashx#:~:text=For%20nickel%2Dcontaining%20lithium%2Dion,%2C%20NMC811%2C%20or%20NCA
[13] Page 113 pubs.usgs.gov/periodicals/mcs2020/mcs2020.pdf
[14] insg.org/index.php/about-nickel/production-usage/
[15] www.mining.com/web/elon-musk-is-going-to-have-a-hard-time-finding-clean-nickel/
[16] www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/arizona-battery-explosion-conventional-wisdom-safety
Thank you to AP Archive for access to their archival footage.

Music by Epidemic Sound: epidemicsound.com/creator

Thank you to my patreon supporters: Adam Flohr, Henning Basma, Hank Green, William Leu, Tristan Edwards, Ian Dundore, John & Becki Johnston. Nevin Spoljaric, Jason Clark, Thomas Barth, Johnny MacDonald, Stephen Foland, Alfred Holzheu, Abdulrahman Abdulaziz Binghaith, Brent Higgins, Dexter Appleberry, Alex Pavek, Marko Hirsch, Mikkel Johansen, Hibiyi Mori. Viktor Józsa, Ron Hochsprung


  1. Real Engineering

    Real EngineeringMånad sedan

    When you are done here, Real Science just uploaded a fascinating video about methods being developed to transform any blood into the universal O type blood. setoos.info/name/npGd1nN3g6OKXp4/video

  2. boi jone

    boi jone5 dagar sedan

    ...so make a standard battery that can just be unplugged from a phone and put it into a array of them in a car?

  3. Tommy

    Tommy7 dagar sedan

    Fake engineering talk shit about Tesla lol stupidity

  4. Dave Froman

    Dave Froman15 dagar sedan

    @Emmerich August think again. setoos.info/name/mqHTp2h6gGR5YZ4/video

  5. Emmerich August

    Emmerich August16 dagar sedan

    Seem like we have a clear winner! Gas cars 😜

  6. James Leather

    James Leather16 dagar sedan

    Can you please do the economics of a hyperloop system in Europe or the US! :)

  7. Barsabias Dannelle Abajar

    Barsabias Dannelle Abajar16 timmar sedan

    Why not charge it?

  8. Mervin Smith

    Mervin Smith19 timmar sedan

    Hydrogen is the answer not dirty batteries fuel cell technology now we're going to put all that toxic shit in the ground were starting with the wrong shit all over again but everyone kisses his ass

  9. Bait Hunter

    Bait Hunter22 timmar sedan

    You left out how Elon Musk doesn't care if these minerals are from exploitation. Musk, after all, inherited a fortune from exploration. He did work hard, but in the indirect sense. He's a monster is what I'm saying.

  10. Shuhrat Urinov

    Shuhrat UrinovDag sedan

    Company: “How many bottlenecks are there in the production world?” Elon Musk: Yes

  11. Konrad Żuk

    Konrad ŻukDag sedan

    So Engeineers the one smart solution is to use GRAPHENE instead of Graphite.. the charge capacity increases dramatically

  12. Rakesh S

    Rakesh SDag sedan

    5:48 is that samsung note 7

  13. KoenZyxYssel

    KoenZyxYsselDag sedan


  14. mountedpatrolman

    mountedpatrolmanDag sedan

    These Carbon taxes, and regulations are NOT the way away from fossil fuels. All they are doing are running our manufacturing capability out of the country, and handicapping the US from being competitive economically. We need to build our economy and manufacturing capabilities back up, to spur on innovation, and more rapidly develop battery, and energy technology.

  15. Zhenny Jacksmith

    Zhenny JacksmithDag sedan

    There is nothing better then a Irish person saying "but".

  16. Haley Weatherall

    Haley WeatherallDag sedan

    Damn I'm a 17yo boy in Iran and even I'm rooting for them.

  17. Travis Gould

    Travis GouldDag sedan

    When we speak of energy storage, it can be applied to other forms of energy, including oil and gas. Energy density also applies to oil and gas. But, these two concepts also apply to nuclear. Oil and gas are more energy dense than wind and sun energy and thus store energy better and to much higher extremes. But, there is something better than oil and gas, nuclear. Why is nuclear resisted so much? It is far more energy dense than any other form of energy and easily stores. Use nuclear.

  18. Theknifedude

    TheknifedudeDag sedan

    What do you think about vanadium flow batteries?

  19. Shailesh Tikhe

    Shailesh Tikhe2 dagar sedan

    Now onwards, I am gonna watch launch events for automobile instead of smartphones.

  20. Nurpus

    Nurpus2 dagar sedan

    Why is all cobalt on Earth concentrated in Congo?...

  21. How-to, Tutorial, Tips and Knowledge

    How-to, Tutorial, Tips and Knowledge2 dagar sedan

    Elon Musk need fool cell

  22. How-to, Tutorial, Tips and Knowledge

    How-to, Tutorial, Tips and Knowledge2 dagar sedan

    well, i already bought Vale nickel stock

  23. David Fox

    David Fox2 dagar sedan

    For grid scale energy storage, we need to stop looking at chemical batteries. Energy potential exists in other forms. Instead of storage in batteries why not take that excess energy and split water. Store the hydrogen and oxygen separately and burn it to run turbines when demand requires it.

  24. Steven Wilson

    Steven Wilson2 dagar sedan

    12:10 the cobalt being mined out of the DRC is a serious human rights problem but not easily fixed. If we stop getting cobalt from there does that mean the human rights problems go away? Unlikely. What is more likely is a bunch of poor people who have some way to sustain themselves by mining this material will lose that income source and many might sink further into poverty and even starve to death. The civil conflict going on there is another serious problem but not one likely to be solved by no longer mining there.

  25. Bryan Sales

    Bryan Sales3 dagar sedan

    I advocate renewable energy. But for now I prefer sucking oil. Blowing up mountains is definitely defeating the purpose of going green.

  26. Akhyar Maulana

    Akhyar Maulana3 dagar sedan

    Active sodium battery

  27. The Last

    The Last3 dagar sedan

    This video is the evidence, the evidence of why u are an engineer and no an economist.

  28. Valentina

    Valentina3 dagar sedan

    >tfw your coup fails misearably and you have to go on stage and do a presentation on how you need to reinvent the battery or some shit You love to see it.


    ÖMER KAYA3 dagar sedan

    9 INSTAGRAM PAGES FOR ENGINEERS: muhendisgundemi.com/bir-muhendisin-takip-edebilecegi-instagram-hesaplari/

  30. Ben Tabar

    Ben Tabar3 dagar sedan

    Founding Year of Major Car Companies starting with Tesla: Tesla - 2003 Toyota - 1937 Volkswagen - 1937 Audi - 1932 Subaru - 1953 Nissan - 1933 GMC - 1911 Dodge - 1900 Ford - 1903 (According to google) I think the only part that infuriates me about this video was the fact that they had to say "Oh well Tesla only sold 90K per quarter so they technically still have a long way to go" In such an established industry with ICE engines being dominant for literally 100+ years. What Tesla is doing is beyond anything that any car company has ever seen in history, period. Literally, they are the only 21st century car company that is as recognizable as these 50-100+ year old companies. And it's only... 17 years old? Like cmon. Give em that.

  31. Pauline Weinberger

    Pauline Weinberger3 dagar sedan

    I feel like this is just battery manufactures problem, but you use Teslas name to give your video more publicity.

  32. mahkraFUD

    mahkraFUD3 dagar sedan

    I took 3.091 from Professor Sadoway about 20 years ago. Amazing teacher. :)

  33. Elite Scaper

    Elite Scaper3 dagar sedan

    I’m 39 years old and have absolutely never heard anyone say aluminum like that

  34. Ron Paul

    Ron Paul3 dagar sedan

    As an Engineer, I can safely say you're wrong. We do NOT "NEED" to transition away from fossil fuels.

  35. Eljay Leyble

    Eljay Leyble3 dagar sedan


  36. Lomiko Metals TSXV:LMR, OTC: LMRMF

    Lomiko Metals TSXV:LMR, OTC: LMRMF4 dagar sedan

    Follow us - www.lomiko.com - Battery Materials

  37. Nutella Promo

    Nutella Promo4 dagar sedan

    Sheriff Richard Giardino from Fulton County, New York discussed his disagreement with Gov. Cuomo's holiday restrictions on 'The Evening Edit.' Watch the full interview, here: setoos.info/name/zY2zs6Z3eXSAZ3w/video

  38. Alpha Pixel

    Alpha Pixel4 dagar sedan

    Mostly tesla will come with nuclear battery in near future

  39. 574LK3R

    574LK3R4 dagar sedan

    Electric vehicles are not a suitable solution. Carbon liquid fuel is carbon neutral and no chabges are made to cars. Upgrades, people, upgrades

  40. EF M

    EF M5 dagar sedan

    This isn't a rich family, but a family that is working together as a family unit. This the way the human species has always been and if we should survive, will always be.

  41. Christopher Lago

    Christopher Lago5 dagar sedan

    Same people buying Tesla cars argue how magical they are for the environment but secretly know their iPhone battery destroys the environment each annual purchase. Its how you choose to see the world not what it really looks like.

  42. Christopher Lago

    Christopher Lago5 dagar sedan

    Love how everyone driving a Tesla looks down on those who don't as if we are directly responsible for destroying the planet and their car is made from grass clippings.

  43. Christopher Lago

    Christopher Lago5 dagar sedan

    Why can we all agree that dredging the seafloor is not the best path to climate change? Is there any evidence or are you just blindly stating opinions without doing any research of your own?

  44. Erin Asadourian

    Erin Asadourian5 dagar sedan

    Tesla's worried about conducting business with countries with human rights violations yet Elon Musk is working with Turkish dictator Erdogan currently supporting cultural genocide in Artsakh kicking ethnic Armenia's out of their indigenous land.

  45. robo005

    robo0055 dagar sedan

    Tesla, apple cult is the same as feminists move. Those bot people scream in tears when they hear any criticism toward theirs beloved gods. And the more electric cars will be more energy needed. So atom energy goes to the front.

  46. İslam Aydoğmuş

    İslam Aydoğmuş6 dagar sedan

    Oil companies disliked this video

  47. Tyler Cherry

    Tyler Cherry6 dagar sedan

    All I'm saying is that if your a giant and cocaine addict... 11:46

  48. Jerry Lifsey

    Jerry Lifsey6 dagar sedan

    Should gov'ts stop using Nickel in their coins?

  49. Jerry Lifsey

    Jerry Lifsey6 dagar sedan

    If Lithium is in Chile's saltflats, is Lithium in Bonneville's saltflats?

  50. Omar Aqq

    Omar Aqq7 dagar sedan

    I think its time we re-engineer the battery

  51. Cookie Monster

    Cookie Monster7 dagar sedan

    Thank you thank you thank you for sourcing your content. It's greatly appreciated and it also ups your credibility by a lot.

  52. whatisbestinlife

    whatisbestinlife7 dagar sedan

    What nation is Tesla encouraging the US to coup now to get their hands on the natural resources cheaper.

  53. Angad Singh

    Angad Singh5 dagar sedan

    @whatisbestinlife Dumbass that was a troll tweet. Immediately after that tweet he tweeted: "We get most of our lithium from Australia". Some people don't understand sarcasm AT ALL

  54. whatisbestinlife

    whatisbestinlife5 dagar sedan

    @Angad Singh Elon Musk making light of US coup of other nations when those nations have resources he wants to get to cheaply for his cars and tech.

  55. Angad Singh

    Angad Singh5 dagar sedan

    What are you talking about?

  56. Dillon Vossen

    Dillon Vossen8 dagar sedan

    destabilize the "DRC"

  57. Hügo Krüger

    Hügo Krüger8 dagar sedan

    Recycling is nonsense, just incinerate the waste

  58. Mike Star

    Mike Star8 dagar sedan

    I'm an electrical engineer that's works in the energy industry and energy storage is one of the most pressing issues in the field at this time. I design high voltage substations. We are constantly looking at new and different methods of finding sufficient way to store energy for the grid.

  59. Valentin Arzola

    Valentin Arzola8 dagar sedan

    How does hydrogen fuel Cell compete in energy storage.

  60. MrDosonhai

    MrDosonhai8 dagar sedan

    Something tells me Australia will benefit greatly in the next few decades as they are and will be the only stable region in the world that could supply most of the resources needed for the next technological revolution.

  61. Armand De Maupertuis

    Armand De Maupertuis9 dagar sedan

    Just cut the human population on Earth by 99%. All problems solved...

  62. Riaz

    Riaz9 dagar sedan

    Another reason why the solution to cars isn't only batteries, but hydrogen as well.

  63. Tricky Dicky

    Tricky Dicky9 dagar sedan

    what no lithium does to a mf

  64. Belinda a

    Belinda a9 dagar sedan

    Seems to me that Tesla needing more factories/output and a great deal of the RM they need for batteries being in Australia should result in them investing in a company in Australia! They helped Aus with the battery storage solution for South Australia so I know the Govt would do them some favours.

  65. jacktheninja

    jacktheninja9 dagar sedan

    3:08 is it me or is this showing conventional flow instead

  66. Pieh0

    Pieh09 dagar sedan

    5:39 Oooo, the forbidden Capri Sun!

  67. İslam Aydoğmuş

    İslam Aydoğmuş10 dagar sedan

    I wonder whats the point of "monster trucks" like do they have ANY practical uses?

  68. cbondoc5678

    cbondoc567810 dagar sedan

    Can you do a real engineering video on the distribution and cold storage of pfizer’s vaccines at -94 deg F? Like it’s feasibility/amount of energy required

  69. Reza Mottaghi

    Reza Mottaghi10 dagar sedan

    I'm really interested about brilliant because of your channel...too bad where I live average monthly income is 160$ 🤦‍♂️

  70. Lics Norgi

    Lics Norgi10 dagar sedan

    lame car

  71. nikosdok

    nikosdok10 dagar sedan

    24 minutes video to say this? Speechifying

  72. jaquesaulait

    jaquesaulait10 dagar sedan

    Interesting presentation. (Fewer factories)

  73. Anna Krichevsky

    Anna Krichevsky10 dagar sedan

    It is amazing how this video danced around Lithium Iron Phosphate chemistry which has no supply constraints whatsoever (other than that of Lithium itself which is pretty soft), has the longest cycle life of all, is safe (not igniting even if punctured), and non-toxic. Oh, on top of that it provides more stable voltage than other chemistries, and thus requires far less sophisticated charging control circuitry if any. The energy density is lower than others, but sufficient even for vehicle use (used in Teslas), and definitely for stationary energy storage. Arizona battery farm disaster is absolutely irrelevant if LFP batteries are used, and they will be according to Tesla plan revealed on Battery Day.

  74. Doclabkr Suzanne

    Doclabkr Suzanne11 dagar sedan

    Im back from stalking anime waifus

  75. Dr Frost

    Dr Frost11 dagar sedan

    🤣 They don't gaf where their power comes from

  76. penua

    penua11 dagar sedan

    U just talk too much Just say what's need to be said dont beat around the bush

  77. Seeker_Of_Knowledge

    Seeker_Of_Knowledge11 dagar sedan

    Redwood based in California is a Lithium battery recycler,

  78. Pierfrancesco Poniz

    Pierfrancesco Poniz11 dagar sedan


  79. Mason Rawson

    Mason Rawson11 dagar sedan

    Love your channel man! Would love a video on liquid air batteries! Saw this video of it on "Just have a think" setoos.info/name/2oaw2mp2pqdwqnw/video

  80. PongoXBongo

    PongoXBongo11 dagar sedan

    Couldn't the tech giants build large, modern mining facilities in the DRC and give the people there better working conditions as employees? I get that it would decrease profits and, as such, likely never be done. But, it IS an option to stay true to corporate mantras and avoid negative press.

  81. Annas Krisna Bachtiar

    Annas Krisna Bachtiar11 dagar sedan

    i think we're too happy with gas in the late 50 years, that's why we late with energy storage technology. many electric car were made in that year but no good response at all but for now we have a new scientist businessman that can boost energy storage technology until it limit and make a new segment that make big company cant overlook at it. i think we just hit 3 from 10 point in energy storage technology and hopefully no greedy oil businessman involved even though that was impossible

  82. Tandem Charge

    Tandem Charge11 dagar sedan

    [Insert the mundane usual African Children mining here without knowing the true complex political scope of the entire thing and downplays it into "Elemtric Vehimcle baaad reeee"]

  83. madrx2

    madrx211 dagar sedan

    Electric cars are good for the environment.....yeh right .

  84. scottmuck

    scottmuck11 dagar sedan

    The lithium "reserves" shown on the USGS page aren't some stockpile being held back to support the price... it's the estimate of the total (currently know and identified / "proven") lithium available to be mined in those countries.

  85. BinaryGenius

    BinaryGenius12 dagar sedan

    HI i don`t know this guy Behind Designs at all but you all need to see him because he is doing great work and deserves a boost setoos.info/cloud/maVh_jb3Z2Wnt1PZ23e1ww sorry if this is bad form but im sure you will like his content also

  86. John Condon

    John Condon12 dagar sedan

    The anode is positive? Crumbs

  87. Jab

    Jab13 dagar sedan

    24 years of Lithium supply is nothing. There might as well be no Lithium at all. Lithium batteries aren't a solution.

  88. Gostandinos Theodossiou

    Gostandinos Theodossiou13 dagar sedan

    Great more short waves give us all cancer from emf generated motors.

  89. Ante Plus

    Ante Plus13 dagar sedan

    WHY are you using mAH as a unit and ignoring the better one watt/hour ....mith using mAh we dont know on what voltage is beeing delivered..can somebody skilled answer me please

  90. Sourav Nandi

    Sourav Nandi13 dagar sedan

    Can you make a video on transformers and how they work... Not Micheal Bay's...

  91. Jordan Evans

    Jordan Evans13 dagar sedan

    Cathode is negative

  92. William Goode

    William Goode13 dagar sedan

    22:00 Why not lead acid batteries, they would scale up and there's going to be masses of lead left over from the legacy cars being crushed, so we could use lead acid for grid storage !

  93. William Goode

    William Goode13 dagar sedan

    17:30 Its not pure like lead, so too mixed to recycle

  94. William Goode

    William Goode13 dagar sedan

    15:50 Is this thus the Indonesia plant purchase

  95. Vejm R

    Vejm R3 dagar sedan


  96. Sam Bradley

    Sam Bradley14 dagar sedan

    Comment for algorithm

  97. SteveAkaGoatpile

    SteveAkaGoatpile14 dagar sedan

    Grid energy storage is dead simple really. underground Air pressure Storage alone is stupid simple in concept, but no-one seems willing to test or implement it.

  98. aresmars2003

    aresmars200314 dagar sedan

    Elon is getting a little chubby, perhaps could benefit by a better sleeping schedule and daily exercise! If he goes to Mars he'll need exercise just to keep his bones from weakening!

  99. Darin Herrick

    Darin Herrick15 dagar sedan

    What this is telling me is that the people yelling about Lithium Mining can rest easy. Battery recycling is coming sooner than you think.

  100. Kevin Original

    Kevin Original15 dagar sedan

    3:40 Just semantics but you described charging as supplying the opposite voltage to the battery as if you would swap positive and negative or something. Even though the current flow is reversed, the polarity remains the same. Depending on charging or discharging, the voltage would either be higher or lower than the battery voltage, just not negative.

  101. john evans

    john evans15 dagar sedan

    Excellent presentation. Thank you.

  102. Fionn Daly

    Fionn Daly15 dagar sedan

    Relying on batteries to solve climate change is such an inefficient and backwards idea. The amount of carbon required to dig up the resources required is not sustainable. Subways, trams, metros and light rail powered directly by electricity is the obvious and efficient solution, but there's not profit to be made there so it's not presented as a solution.

  103. dell

    dell16 dagar sedan

    3:49 'lodge themselves back in the cathode once again' you mean in the anode as is shown in the animation or is the animation wrong?

  104. Joy L

    Joy L16 dagar sedan


  105. Ciaran Claffey

    Ciaran Claffey16 dagar sedan


  106. steven tran

    steven tran16 dagar sedan

    There are cobalt, nickel, and manganese rich nodules at the bottom of the ocean. It requires no children to harvest. Not a lot of people are using these. There are nodule zones around the world and you don’t need to dredge the floor as these nodules just lay on the ocean floor ready to be harvested.

  107. Susannezb Nicholstsj

    Susannezb Nicholstsj16 dagar sedan

    Can we take a second to appreciate the amount of effort he has stared to put it to his animation

  108. Lance Dooley

    Lance Dooley17 dagar sedan

    When brainwashed engineers are morons about energy. Unless you are a Physicist please shut up. What they don't tell you about cost, energy density, and supplying power to a planet. - Dr. Willie Soon PhD Astrophysicist and Geoscience (The sun is responsible for changing climate, not co2) - Dr. Freeman Dyson PhD Astrophysics and Mathematics - Dr. Ivar Giaever PhD Physicist Nobel Laureate - Dr. Fred Singer PhD Atmospheric Physicist -Dr. Susan Crockford PhD in Zoology Ted Talk setoos.info/name/tGbdpn2Cd6CNZao/video

  109. remliqa

    remliqa16 dagar sedan

    Cherry picking a few controversial scientist while ignoring the thousands of other that disagree or debunked them isn't a conducive to finding out the truth.

  110. 6eff

    6eff17 dagar sedan

    Story short - will humans dig fast enough to switch from one technology based on digging to another.

  111. Liam Sweeney

    Liam Sweeney17 dagar sedan

    So to save the world, we have to ruin it first? Brilliant.

  112. Faiz khairul anam

    Faiz khairul anam17 dagar sedan

    Siap siap aja nikel Indonesia jadi incaran😂